Lilly Pilly Problems, Pests, and Diseases (Scale, Leaves Curling)

Although these plants are quite tough, there are certain problems, pests and diseases that you may come across. 

Lilly Pillies are hardy plants that are native to Australia. They’re commonly grown as hedges and make perfect screening plants.

Although these plants are quite tough, there are certain problems, pests and diseases that you may come across. 

In this article, we discuss these in detail and give you some suggestions on how to fix them.

Quick Answer: Common Lilly Pilly Problems & Solutions

Here’s a summary of common problems, causes and solutions. For more detail on each, see the relevant section within the rest of the article.

Branches DyingPests like borers, sunburnCheck for pests, provide shade for sunburn
White ScaleWhite waxy coatingUse white oil or oil-based pesticides
Leaves Being EatenLilly Pilly beetlesHand-pick grubs, use neem oil
Leaves CurlingEugenia psyllidsPrune damaged branches, use white oil and insecticide
Leaves Turning YellowOverwatering, deficiency, pestsCheck for waterlogged soil
Black LeavesSooty mould from sap-sucking insectsTreat with white oil or neem oil mixture

Lilly Pilly branches dying or Lilly Pilly dropping leaves 

If some of the branches on your Lilly Pilly are dying or you notice the leaves dropping off, it could be due to a number of reasons.

A slow die back could be caused by a variety of pests like borers or curl grub. 

On the other hand, if your plants are quite young and exposed to full sun, the leaves may be sun burnt. Provide some afternoon shade if this is the case.


Check the plant for evidence of pests

Borers will leave small holes in the branches and you’ll see some sawdust around them.

Unfortunately, there’s no control that you can use for this except to cut back the affected branches.

Check for curl grub in the soil around the roots

These are small white caterpillar-like grubs that live in the ground and will feed on the roots of your plant.

When the roots are damaged, it can cause die back on some of the branches and the dropping of leaves.

You can control these grubs by dousing the soil with a solution of neem oil (view at Amazon) and water.

White scale on Lilly Pillies

White scale is a common garden pest that can affect your Lilly Pillies. This type of scale has a white waxy coating and you’ll usually see it on both the stems and leaves.

If your plant has been affected by white scale, you may also notice some black mould on the plant and ants crawling all over it.

The black mould is a result of the honeydew that the scale secretes and the ants are eating this.


White scale can be difficult to get rid of, so you have to be persistent in your efforts to control it. 

The best time to treat your plant for white scale is in late spring and early summer. You need to thoroughly spray the pests with something like white oil or any other type of oil-based pesticide.

Follow the initial treatment with another spray 10 to 14 days later. 

If you notice white scale on your plants in winter, you can rub them off with your fingers while wearing a pair of rubber gloves. Try to remove as many of the adult scale as you can.

Lilly Pilly leaves being eaten

If you notice that your Lilly Pilly leaves are being eaten, the culprit is most likely the Paropsides calypso beetle also known is the Lilly Pilly beetle.

These beetles are bright green in colour and look somewhat similar to a ladybug. You might also notice the pale green larvae grubs on your plant.

Both the beetles and the larvae will feed on the leaves of your plant. These grubs will pupate over winter in the soil under the plant.


The grubs can easily be picked off by hand if there are only a few.

You might also want to have a look at the soil around the base of your plant to find any larvae that haven’t emerged yet and remove them.

Additionally, you can spray your Lilly Pilly with a mixture of neem oil (view at Amazon) and water to help control these pests.

Lilly Pilly leaves curling

If the leaves on your Lilly Pilly hedge are curling or they look like they have bumps or blisters on them, this is caused by Eugenia psyllids.

These are sap sucking insects and the pimples that you see are a result of the newly hatched larvae feeding on the foliage.

These insects also excrete tiny white pellets that can result in sooty mould.


If the damage is severe, the best thing that you can do is just prune off the damaged branches and then spray your plant with white oil.

You should also treat your plant with a systemic insecticide containing Imidacloprid (view at Amazon). 

Lilly Pilly leaves turning yellow

If your Lilly Pilly leaves are turning yellow, it could be caused by overwatering, a nutrient deficiency or a pest infestation.

Overwatering can cause root rot and this is generally fatal for your plant, which is why good drainage is essential for Lilly Pillies.

However, nutrient deficiencies and pest problems can easily be fixed.

Neighbours Be Gone tree Syzgium paniculata | Plant care
A healthy Lilly Pilly requires soil that is moist, but not wet or soggy.


First, you want to ensure that your Lilly Pilly hedge is not living in waterlogged soil with poor drainage.

If root rot has already infected your plant, there’s nothing you can do to save it. You should be able to see evidence of the rot on the trunk at the base of the plant. 

For nutrient deficiencies, make sure you feed your Lilly Pillies with a balanced fertiliser in early spring. Repeat the fertiliser application once again in late summer. Dynamic Lifter is a good all-round fertiliser for Lilly Pillies.

Most pests are relatively easy to control with white oil or a solution of neem oil mixed with water.

Lilly Pilly black leaves

If you see some of your Lilly Pilly leaves turning black, you likely have a sooty mould problem.

This is usually caused by the excretion of sap sucking insects.


Spray your tree with white oil or a mixture of neem oil and water to control the insect pests that are causing the sooty mould on your foliage.


Does myrtle rust affect Lilly Pillies?

Yes, myrtle rust affects plants in the Myrtaceae family, which includes gum trees, guava, tea trees, bottle brush, and Lilly Pilly. Myrtle rust, also known as guava rust, is a fungal disease and is a new disease in Australia. It favours environments with cool temperatures and high humidity.

Can you overwater a Lilly Pilly?

Lilly Pillies do not respond well to overwatering and it can cause root rot in the plant. When planting a Lilly Pilly, water it every day for the first couple of weeks and then as needed after that. The best way to know whether your plant needs watering is by testing the soil moisture, either using your finger or a soil moisture meter. The soil around a healthy Lilly Pilly should feel moist but not wet or soggy.

Photo of author

Annette Hird

Annette Hird is a gardening expert with many years of experience in a range of gardening related positions. She has an Associate Diploma of Applied Science in Horticulture and has worked in a variety of production nurseries, primarily as a propagator. She has also been responsible for a large homestead garden that included lawn care, fruit trees, roses and many other ornamental plants. More recently, Annette has concentrated on improving the garden landscape of the homes that she has lived in and focused a lot of energy on growing edible plants as well. She now enjoys sharing her experience and knowledge with others by writing articles about all facets of gardening and growing plants.


10 thoughts on “Lilly Pilly Problems, Pests, and Diseases (Scale, Leaves Curling)”

  1. The central leader on my lillypilly just broke. Will my plant recover and how will this impact its vertical growth. Lost about the top 2ft of the plant.

    • You might find that your plant will now produce two leading branches at the top. My suggestion would be to keep these trimmed so that they don’t get too tall and also break.

  2. Hi Annette
    I don’t know if I can contact you with this, but I’ll give it a go.. my name is Shaelene and I live in Rockhampton Queensland. We are having trouble with our Aussie boomers randomly dying branch by branch. Healthy trees al of a sudden dye in the middle of the Shrub. We had termites in some which we got rid off ,but others are losing their leaves and look unhealthy. The aren’t over watered. It has also t
    Happened with the magenta cherries
    Can you help as we have a lot of trees

    • Hi Shaelene

      I’m sorry to hear you’re having such trouble with your lilly pillies and your magenta cherries.

      It’s difficult to diagnose a problem without actually looking at the plants and the environment that they’re growing in.

      Since it’s happening to two different species of plants, it would be prudent for you to call in an arborist.

      At a guess, I would think that you either have some type of pest problem or there’s an issue with your soil.

      Sorry I couldn’t be of any more help

  3. Hi, I’ve tried to grow a Lilly Polly hedge for 8 years. Some plants have grown to 2+ meters, others have hardly grown, whatever I’ve tried. Is it feasible to transplant these?

    • Hi Johannes

      It seems strange that some of your lilly pillies are growing while others are not. I’m assuming that the soil and the environment is the same for all of the plants. It is totally fine to transplant them to a better location to see whether they do any better. Just try to keep as much of the rootball intact as possible and water well both before digging them out and after planting them again.

  4. Thank you for all the details here regarding the variety of things that can cause the plants to be effected. I want to upload a photo to show what is happening to the plants. I have a hedge and there are 14 plants now all about 18 months old and nearly a metre in height. They are very healthy except for 2 that are in the middle of the hedge and that is what is confusing me. Why only these two? The tips of the new growth have lost their leaves, first turning yellow and the young stems are dying. The plant now looks very thin compared to the growth on the bushes either side. There are some small rust marks on some leaves. Is there a way I can send a phot for your examination? Thanks

    • Hi John

      My recommendation would be to take a photo to your local garden centre or nursery and talk to the staff. I’m sure that they could assist you.


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