Types of Grass (Australian Guide)

Choosing the right grass for your property can be a confusing task. There are many varieties available, each with its own pros and cons. In this article we break down the most popular types to …

Choosing the right grass for your property can be a confusing task. There are many varieties available, each with its own pros and cons. In this article we break down the most popular types to help you choose the best option for your section!

Before we get to the varieties, here are the key things to keep in mind when selecting grass:

-How much foot traffic will there be? Lawns that experience lots of wear and tear from people or animals should have a tough, dense type of grass like buffalo. If you’re looking for something softer to walk on then a fescue variety would be the best choice!

-What is your budget? For most homeowners lawn care starts at around $200 per year. This includes fertiliser applications, mowing, weed control treatments etc. Although it does vary depending on how high maintenance the variety is but this price can give you an idea of what to expect.

-Do you want low water usage? Some varieties are more drought tolerant than others while some need regular watering to survive in hot climates. Make sure you take into account the  climate you live in as well.

-Do you want a low maintenance lawn? There are some varieties that require no fertiliser, weed control treatments or mowing whatsoever and there’s even one type of grass you don’t need to water at all!

OK, now let’s take a look at the main types of lawn in Australia:.

Zoysia Grass

This variety of grass is a bit demanding in terms of water and fertiliser but it does grow to be very dense, tough and low-maintenance. It also doesn’t require mowing for about 12 months at a time. It does, however, need good soil drainage which can be challenging in some parts of Australia.

The Zoysia variety is well-known for its “immunity” to pests and diseases, which makes it a good option for people who don’t want to be spending their weekends fighting dandelions or other invaders from the lawn!

Tall Fescue

This type of grass is typically used as a natural lawn and is less demanding in terms of water and fertiliser. It does, however, need to be mowed more often than some other options. This variety grows well in cooler climates because it doesn’t require as much heat or sunlight for growth and maintenance.

Buffalo Grass

This type of grass is tough, low-maintenance and very drought resistant. It does need a lot of water initially to get it established but once this has happened you can reduce the amount significantly.

Couch Grass

This variety of grass is very, very hardy and will grow in a wide range of conditions. It has to be cut regularly though because it can turn into long tufts that look messy if not maintained. Couch varieties include Couch Grass, Queensland Blue Couch, Perennial Couch, and Dwarf Couch.

Kikuyu grass

This grass variety is a great option for people who want to lawn that is attractive and maintains well. It grows in many different types of soil, requires less water than some varieties and also looks good without mowing because it has natural edges.

 Hybrid Bermuda

This is a hybrid of Couch Grass and Kikuyu grass which means it is very attractive and easy to care for. It needs less water than some other varieties but this does mean that you need to be careful with how much sun the lawn gets at any one time since Bermuda will suffer from burnt patches if not cared for properly.

If you’re looking to purchase new grass for your property, you’ll need to decide between seeds and pre-grown turf.

The advantages of planting your own grass from seed are that you’ll have a better understanding of the environment your grass will grow in, it is more cost-effective and if there are any problems with the lawn later on down the line then you will know what to do.

If this sounds like something for you, here’s how to get started with planting grass from seed:

– Find a spot that is well lit and receives at least six hours of sun.

– Pick out the seeds you want to plant, they need to be sown in rows four inches apart with one row per square yard.

– Make sure there are no obstructions like rocks or large roots as these could impede root development when fertilisers are applied later on down the line.

Once you have planted your seeds, you will need to water them for three minutes every day.

Type of Grass if planting from seed: St Augustine, Bahia and Zoysia grasses are the most popular type of lawn in Australia as they tolerate low rainfall conditions better than other types such as Kikuyu or Buffalo grass. These varieties can be grown from seed too but there is a wide variety available at your local nursery if you want something that’s pre-established (which takes less effort).

If buying pre-grown turf,  make sure the centre of each piece is anchored in a hole measuring about 75mm deep, depending on the thickness of the turf.

Measure out your square yard (or metric equivalent) and draw a line with chalk or string at one-foot intervals to guide you when laying down your turf.

Type of Grass if buying pre-grown: If buying from a nursery, make sure they have plenty available. You may also want to order extra so there are some left over in case any pieces get damaged during planting time. The devil however lies in transportation costs which can go sky high once freight companies take over – it’s worth checking these before making a purchase!

Once your grass is fully established, here are our top tips for keeping it healthy:

– Keep it well watered during dry spells.

– Aerate the soil every few months with a long handled shovel to keep down weeds and reduce compaction. The best time for this is in winter, when grass recovers quickly thanks to lower temperatures and increased rainfall.

– Mow your lawn regularly at about 25mm high (or one inch). This will help remove any build up of thatch under the surface which can harbour pests such as insects, moss or fungus detrimental to growth.

These are just some general guidelines on how you can take care of your new turf! It’s important to remember that all types of grass behave differently depending largely on their climate zone.

– To find out the climate zone of your lawn, consult a gardening expert or website.

– This will help you choose which type if grass is best suited to your garden’s needs.

The most common types found in Australia are Couch and Kikuyu turfgrass (both cool season varieties). You may also come across Bermuda grass (warm season variety) but it is not typically used for lawns due to its aggressive growth as well as being highly drought tolerant.