Types of Grass (Australian Guide)

Choosing the right turf for your property can be a confusing task.

There are many grass varieties available, each with its own pros and cons.

In this article we break down the most popular types to help you choose the best option for your section!

OK, now let’s take a look at the main types of lawn in Australia:

Zoysia Grass

This variety of grass is a bit demanding in terms of water and fertiliser but it does grow to be very dense, tough and low-maintenance. It also doesn’t require mowing for about 12 months at a time. It does, however, need good soil drainage which can be challenging in some parts of Australia.

The Zoysia variety is well-known for its “immunity” to pests and diseases, which makes it a good option for people who don’t want to be spending their weekends fighting dandelions or other invaders from the lawn!

Tall Fescue

This type of grass is typically used as a natural lawn and is less demanding in terms of water and fertiliser. It does, however, need to be mowed more often than some other options. This variety grows well in cooler climates because it doesn’t require as much heat or sunlight for growth and maintenance.

Buffalo Grass

This type of grass is tough, low-maintenance and very drought resistant. It does need a lot of water initially to get it established but once this has happened you can reduce the amount significantly.

Couch Grass

This variety of grass is very, very hardy and will grow in a wide range of conditions. It has to be cut regularly though because it can turn into long tufts that look messy if not maintained. Couch varieties include Couch Grass, Queensland Blue Couch, Perennial Couch, and Dwarf Couch.

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Kikuyu grass

This grass variety is a great option for people who want to lawn that is attractive and maintains well. It grows in many different types of soil, requires less water than some varieties and also looks good without mowing because it has natural edges.

 Hybrid Bermuda

This is a hybrid of Couch Grass and Kikuyu grass which means it is very attractive and easy to care for. It needs less water than some other varieties but this does mean that you need to be careful with how much sun the lawn gets at any one time since Bermuda will suffer from burnt patches if not cared for properly.

RELATED: Tiftuf vs Sir Walter

What to think about when choosing turf

Here are the key things to keep in mind when selecting grass:

  • How much foot traffic will there be? Lawns that experience lots of wear and tear from people or animals should have a tough, dense type of grass like buffalo. If you’re looking for something softer to walk on then a fescue variety would be the best choice!
  • What is your budget? For most homeowners lawn care starts at around $200 per year. This includes fertiliser applications, mowing, weed control treatments etc. Although it does vary depending on how high maintenance the variety is but this price can give you an idea of what to expect.
  • Do you want low water usage? Some varieties are more drought tolerant than others while some need regular watering to survive in hot climates. Make sure you take into account the  climate you live in as well.
  • Do you want a low maintenance lawn? There are some varieties that require no fertiliser, weed control treatments or mowing whatsoever and there’s even one type of grass you don’t need to water at all!

Lawn care tips

Once your grass is fully established, here are our top tips for keeping it healthy:

  • Keep it well watered during dry spells.
  • Aerate the soil every few months with a long handled shovel to keep down weeds and reduce compaction. The best time for this is in winter, when grass recovers quickly thanks to lower temperatures and increased rainfall.
  • Mow your lawn regularly at about 25mm high (or one inch). This will help remove any build up of thatch under the surface which can harbour pests such as insects, moss or fungus detrimental to growth.